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English Language and Applied Linguistics, Ph.D.

  • Anytime
    Application Deadline
  • 36 months
University rank #79 (QS) ,
We offer excellent candidates the opportunity to carry out research in one of the most dynamic institutions in Britain. Our principal areas of research expertise are Cognitive Linguistics, Corpus Linguistics, Stylistics and Discourse Studies, and Language Learning and Teaching. We also offer an Applied Linguistics PhD via distance mode, in two formats: traditional and modular. Major funding opportunity for Home/EU applicants to this PhD programme We are part of the Midlands3Cities consortium, offering up to 89 Arts and Humanities Research Council funded studentships. This includes full research fees, a substantial maintenance grant and additional research training support. Applications are now open.


The MA by Research programme requires you to prepare a dissertation of up to 40,000 words on a topic of your choice, for which an academic staff member will provide expert supervision.

The PhD – the most advanced research degree – leads to a dissertation of up to 80,000 words on a subject of your choice and under the expert supervision of an academic member of staff.

Why study this course
  • The department celebrated excellent Research Assessment Exercise 2014 results. 34% of research at the University of Birmingham for English Language and Literature was rated 4*, ‘world-leading’. A further 53% was rated 3*, ‘internationally excellent’.
  • Our English Language programmes benefit from the 400 million-word bank of English corpus, an invaluable collection of authentic language data.
  • All students and researchers working within English Language also have free access to the Cobuild Direct corpus, and, where necessary, training in how to use this.
  • The Main Library houses an extensive collection of books on English language and linguistics, including English language teaching, and subscribes to 250 periodicals in the fields of English language and literature.

Detailed Programme Facts

  • Programme intensity

    You can choose to do this programme part-time or full-time.

    • Full-time duration 36 months
    • Average part-time duration 72 months
    • Intensity Flexible
  • Languages
    • English
  • Delivery mode
    On Campus

Programme Structure

Our principal areas of research include:
  • Cognitive Linguistics - an increasingly important area of departmental activity, research here focusses on the putative mental dispositions underlying language users’ processing of space, time, metaphor and other forms of figurative language. Research is underpinned by experimental methods involving eye-tracking equipment and, increasingly, similar techniques. A new focus of work, linking corpus and cognitive research, concerns the importance of usage, patterns and constructions, in language acquisition and fluency.
  • Corpus Linguistics - our work in this area incorporates interests in linguistic theory and language description, including descriptive translation and contrastive studies, phraseology and the lexis–grammar interface, and in the application of corpus investigation techniques to areas such as translation, lexicography and diachronic language study. Corpus techniques also underpin much of our work in discourse studies and in language learning and teaching.
  • Stylistics and Discourse Studies - our work here focuses on written narrative structure and texture, text linguistics (diachronic as well as synchronic), literary stylistics, and critical discourse analysis. Major themes of interest include academic discourse, the relationship between language and social class, evaluation, language and new media, everyday creativity, and multi-modal discourse.
  • Language Learning and Teaching - our work in this area incorporates corpus approaches to phraseology, lexis and grammar, and discourse approaches to academic literacies. This also includes a focus on the teaching and learning of figurative language, collocation, and business English in the context of English as a global language. We also focus on cognitive linguistics and its applications to language learning and teaching.
  • At Birmingham you also have the option of studying languages, free of charge. Almost no other UK University offers you the opportunity to learn the intense graduate academic language skills which you may need to pursue your research.


Dr Joe Bennett -

I would be interested in supervising research into relationships between discourse – taken in its most general sense to include not just language but also other semiotic modes, especially images and sounds – and social power relations. Of particular interest to me at the moment are the ways in which features of contemporary British life are semiotised – the ways in which, for example, social class differences are talked about by politicians, or the ways in which different organisations with different political interests visually represent British cities. Any work related to these themes, including that relating to other cultural/national contexts, is likely to be of interest. In terms of methodological frameworks, I am interested in work that draws on Halliday’s Social Semiotics, including later developments in that area, and in Critical Discourse Analysis.

Dr Melanie Evans -

My research focuses on the language of the individual (idiolects), with a current emphasis on historical idiolects from the Early Modern period. I am interested in the relationship between language style, social identity, and linguistic variation and change. I would be interested in supervising students in the following areas:

  • Historical sociolinguistics, especially the Early Modern period (1500-1700). I would be particularly interested in supervising students wishing to develop new methodological approaches and/or resources (corpora) to answer questions about the relationship between society and linguistic variation in historical periods.
  • Studies of idiolects and authorship attribution methods and techniques, both for contemporary or historical data.
  • Discursive studies of language and identity, particularly in regards to gender.
  • Historical development of spelling and other written dimensions of language.

Dr Nick Groom -

I am interested in supervising PhD students who want to use the tools and methods of corpus linguistics to address problems, questions and issues in Discourse Analysis, Critical Discourse Analysis and Second Language Acquisition research. I am also interested in supervising PhD projects that focus on applications of corpus linguistics in TEFL/TESL.

Professor Susan Hunston -

I have done work on mainly written discourse, especially evaluative language, and on corpus linguistics. I am interested in supervising topics that use discourse or corpus methods (or a mixture of the two). Previous and current students have researched topics such as: aspects of lexis and grammar in learner corpora; the representation of given people and situations in newspapers; the language of text messaging; the discourse of particular academic disciplines; assessing task-based learning in the classroom; business and academic job advertisements; language and visual communication in university websites; and many more. The topic that interests me particularly at the moment is the language of interdisciplinary academic fields, so I would be very happy to work out a research proposal with anyone keen to work in this area. But I am also happy to supervise other topics that relate to the methodologies I mentioned above.

Dr Suganthi John -

My main areas of research are in academic discourse and the teaching of academic writing. I am keen to supervise research which investigates aspects of academic discourse – for e.g. argumentation in academic discourse, comparative studies on the features of academic discourse in different disciplines, academic style etc. Of particular interest is research which aims to illuminate aspects of academic discourse which are challenging for second language writers. Equally, I would be keen on supervising research which evaluates classroom techniques for the teaching of academic writing and materials development for academic writing. I would also be happy to supervise writing (not academic but general or creative writing) for EFL learners.

Professor Jeannette Littlemore -

I am interested in supervising PhD theses on the acquisition and use of metaphor and other types of figurative language by second language learners. I would particularly welcome proposals that focus on the acquisition of metonymy, humour and irony, and the use of verbal and gestural metaphor in cross-linguistic communication or communication between members of different discourse communities. I am also interested in supervising research that explores other applications of cognitive linguistics (such as construal) to second language learning and teaching.

Professor Michaela Mahlberg -;

My main research interests are in corpus linguistics and contextual approaches to meaning. In my current work I am particularly interested in the development of tools to support innovative research questions in the Digital Humanities and new developments in Big Data. In the field of corpus linguistics I have published on the relationship between lexis and grammar and the way in which phraseology contributes to cohesion in texts. A major focus of my research is corpus stylistics, where I have worked extensively on Dickens's fiction and proposed a lexical approach to body language presentation in fiction. I welcome Ph D applications from those interested in any of the above topics.

Dr Ruth Page -

My research interests bring together feminist narratology and the analysis of narratives in digital contexts. Her work is integrative in nature and seeks to open up dialogue between literary-critical and sociolinguistic traditions of narrative research. I would welcome postgraduate students (MA or PhD) with interests in any of the following areas of research: Narrative theory; Stylistics; New media texts; and Discourse Analysis.

Dr Gabriela Saldanha -

My main research areas are 1) stylistics and translation, in particular the investigation of translator style, that is, stylistic features that can be attributed to the translator – rather than the author. the source text or to linguistic constraints in language transfer – and therefore can tell us something about the translators themselves as literary artists; 2) the reception of translated literature, including, for example, readers' attitudes towards translation within a particular literary system, the role of publishers and booksellers in disseminating foreign literature, translation policies, and 3) translation and gender, in particular the representation of gendered language and gender stereotypes across cultures.

Dr Paul Thompson -

I have research interests in linguistic aspects of human-computer interaction, in uses of educational technologies in language learning, and in the exploitation of corpus resources and methodologies in learning about language. I have worked on large scale academic corpus development projects, and am keen to supervise doctoral research which explores specialised language use, particularly in academic discourse, through corpus analysis, or which develops innovative approaches to corpus studies.

Professor Michael Toolan -

I am interested in supervising PhDs in all areas of Literary Stylistics, Narrative Analysis, and Discourse Analysis. Having recently completed two monographs using corpus stylistics to explore narrative structure, my major current research interest is a corpus linguistic study of UK news media representations of wealth (in)equality over the past 40 years. .

Dr Crayton Walker -

My own research interests are associated with the study of collocation and other phraseological aspects of English. I am currently using corpus-based techniques to investigate the phraseological behaviours of high frequency nouns and verbs and looking at how these are represented in mainstream EFL coursebooks.

I am particularly interested in supervising MA and PhD research in the areas of

  • collocation and other phraseological aspects of English
  • the pedagogic application of corpora
  • vocabulary and the teaching of vocabulary

English Language Requirements

You only need to take one of these language tests:

  • Minimum required score:


    The TOEFL iBT ® measures your English-language abilities in an academic setting. The test has four sections (reading, listening, speaking, and writing), each with a score range of 0-30, for a total score range of 0-120. Read more about TOEFL iBT ®.

    Schedule TOEFL®
  • Minimum required score:


    The IELTS – or the International English Language Test System – tests your English-language abilities (writing, listening, speaking, and reading) on a scale of 1.00–9.00. The minimum IELTS score requirement refers to which Overall Band Score you received, which is your combined average score. Read more about IELTS.

    Schedule IELTS

    StudyPortals Tip: The UK government has confirmed new English-language testing requirements for visa and immigration purposes. Learn more

Academic Requirements

Our requirements for postgraduate research are dependent on the type of programme you are applying for:
  • For MRes and MA by Research programmes, entry to our programmes usually requires a good (normally a 2:1 or above) Honours degree, or an equivalent qualification if you were educated outside the UK.
  • If you are applying for a PhD then you will usually also need to hold a good Masters qualification.
  • Any academic and professional qualifications or relevant professional experience you may have are normally taken into account, and in some cases, form an integral part of the entrance requirements.
  • If you are applying for distance learning research programmes, you will also be required to demonstrate that you have the time, commitment, facilities and experience to study by distance learning.
  • If your qualifications are non-standard or different from the entry requirements stated here, please contact the admissions tutor.

Tuition Fee

  • International Applies to you

    15210 GBP/year
    Tuition Fee
    Based on the original amount of 15210 GBP per year and a duration of 36 months.
  • EU/EEA Applies to you

    4195 GBP/year
    Tuition Fee
    Based on the original amount of 4195 GBP per year and a duration of 36 months.
We've labeled the tuition fee that applies to you because we think you are from and prefer over other currencies.

Living costs for Birmingham

  • 765 - 1140 GBP/month
    Living Costs

The living costs include the total expenses per month, covering accommodation, public transportation, utilities (electricity, internet), books and groceries.


For further funding information, follow

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