Find PhD Degrees in Germany

  • 80,636,124 Population
  • 2,500,000 Students
  • 250,000 Int. Students
  • 44 Listed Institutes
  • October-September Academic Year

Study in Germany

Every year, over 250,000 international students choose to study in Germany. That is more than 10% of the entire student population attending German Universities. Whether you plan to visit Germany as an exchange student or enrol on a full-time degree, you will benefit from low tuition fees and quality German education. 409 officially recognised universities and colleges offer more than 14,500 international degree programmes.

Germany is the birthplace of many famous physicists such as Einstein, Planck, Hertz, Ohm and Gauss and influential writers and thinkers such as Kant, Nietzsche, Marx, Hegel, Goethe, Mann or Hesse.

The German education system has produced 103 Noble laureates.

Student information about cities in Germany

Find the best information about what to expect when studying in top cities in Germany. Read about degree course offers, career opportunities, student life, living costs, and more.

  • Study in Berlin
  • Study in Hamburg
  • Study in Munchen
  • Study in Frankfurt am Main
  • Study in Dortmund
Institutions in Germany

There are three main types of higher education institutions to choose from in Germany: universities, universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) and specialized universities.

  • Universities mainly focus on research and are the traditional German education institution. Many of them are technical universities or colleges of technology.
  • Universities of applied sciences are more practically oriented and are connected to major German companies.
  • Specialized universities concentrate on specific subjects such as arts, music, film, theatre, etc.
Education system

Teachers usually require mandatory attendance. Students who miss classes may not take the final examination at the end of the semester.

A great deal of academic work in Germany is done in groups. Students often get together to revise for exams, write papers and work on class assignments.

Most degree programs require compulsory internships. Students have the opportunity to get accustomed to the industrial environment well before starting their career.

Study expenses

German federal states set their own education fees. Presently, only two federal states charge tuition fees: about 500 € per semester (Bavaria and Lower Saxony). All other federal states do not charge tuition, though a semester fee of 150 to 250 € is usually required.

Industries sponsor bachelor and master students. Students attending industry relevant master programmes may receive around €600 to €800 per month from companies for a period of 6 months.

The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD: Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) provides scholarships to international students and researchers coming to Germany. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung) also hosts a site dedicated to scholarships in Germany.

General application requirements

Admission to most study programmes in Germany require you to take all or part of the following steps:

  • Provide a high-school graduate certificate, called Abitur in Germany.
  • Find out if your certificate is recognised by the German university.
  • You might have to take a written examination.
  • Confirming your German language proficiency, or English proficiency if choosing an English-taught programme.
  • Prove that you can pay for your stay in Germany.
  • Present proof of scholarship, if applicable.
  • Get health insurance – usually about 50 EUR per month. Some universities may offer service packages including accommodation, meal vouchers and a health insurance policy.

Be sure to check the German Academic Exchange Service or DAAD for any questions regarding international study in Germany.

Find more details about how to apply for a degree in a university in Germany.

Job prospects

Germany is home to many top international companies such as BMW, Volkswagen, Deutsche Telekom, Adidas, Bayer, Deutsche Bank and many more.

The German economy has great demand for qualified & skilled labour force. Vacancies for engineers have risen over 30 percent in recent years. Companies are always looking for German language skills.

Languages of instruction

Germany provides a wide range of English-taught as well as German-taught higher education opportunities in diverse academic fields. If you want to study abroad in Germany, you should know that knowing the German language remains a main prerequisite for admission. Recent studies show that Germany is one of the most supportive countries for international students, especially when it comes to English-taught Master’s programmes. In 2013, Germany has placed second in the growth of international English-taught programmes in Europe.

German universities tend to encourage long-term higher education for international students by providing more English study opportunities to students who plan to take their Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Germany, as a continuous study experience. As a result, students who plan to study abroad in Germany for only one semester will have a more difficult time finding universities which offer English-taught courses.

Opportunities for learning German
  • Group courses like Goethe Institutes in Germany and other European countries;
  • Intensive studies, such as summer courses;
  • Tutoring from native German students;
  • Self-paced distance learning
Preparation courses in Germany

Some international students may not be able to attend a degree in Germany because their previous studies do not match the academic system of the country. To be allowed to take an undergraduate or graduate degree in Germany, they will need to enrol in a one-year pre-Bachelor or pre-Master offered by a local university.

Popular foundation degree studies in Germany include pre-law degrees, pre-MBA courses, pre-medicine, pre-nursing studies, or other types of international foundation programmes in engineering, economics, finance, social science, science and other types of university pathway programmes. Preparation courses in Germany include academic English language training to help international students meet university language requirements for future undergraduate or graduate studies.

Foundation degrees in early years in Germany are perfect for increasing your chances of getting accepted to a German university. Pre-university business schools, law schools or med schools make sure international students develop the skills they need to succeed in the German academic system. Pre-university education also includes cultural integration classes that help students feel more at home. Some pre-university programmes guarantee enrolment to the institution if students complete the preparation with high grades.

Where can I study a foundation course in Germany?

The top German cities where students can take a foundation year programme include: Munich, Bremen and Aachen.

Read more about the enrolment requirements for international students.

English language preparation courses in Germany

Meet language requirements for university admission in Germany by choosing an English language preparation course offered by English language schools worldwide, including Germany. By taking the right English exam training course you will advance your language skills in order to get the needed scores for IELTS, TOEFL, CAE, or other English exams.

Study visa and residence permit
  • Make sure to apply for the correct visa. Tourist and language course visas cannot be converted into a "student visa”.
  • Make sure your passport is valid for your entire stay in Germany.
  • If your study programme lasts longer than 90 days and you are not a citizen of EU member states or Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, you must apply for a residence permit in the city in Germany where you are going to study.
  • To get a residence permit you will need confirmation of registration from your Resident Registration Office, proof of health insurance coverage, student ID, proof of financial resources, valid passport with visa, health certificate. Additional documents might be required depending on your country of origin.
  • Residence permits are issued for a two-year period and can be extended.

For detailed information about visa and residence permit requirements, contact the German embassy or German consulate in your home country.

Get more details about the student visa for Germany.

Living in Germany

  • Choosing a dormitory, apartment, or house with other English speakers is ideal for non-German speakers.
  • Living in a German dorm on campus is an excellent way to meet locals your own age and enjoy an international experience.
  • Internet access is usually available for a small fee.
  • A student would need at least €450 for modest living in Germany. This does not include tuition fees, travel expenses and social contributions.
  • Find quality accommodation for students here.
  • Study materials tend to be expensive, so you can save a lot of money by buying a library pass or looking for second-hand books at flea markets.
  • Student dining halls provide inexpensive food.
  • The German Bahn (train) is a fast reliable way to travel to different cities or to neighbour countries.
  • Most Germans follow strict rules of conduct. Courtesy and punctuality are highly valued. Not keeping direct eye contact during conversations is considered impolite.

About Germany

Germany is located in the centre of Europe sharing borders with nine other European countries: Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The North Sea and Baltic Sea are located to the north, while the southern half of Germany is covered by mountains (the Alps).

Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is made up of 16 states (also called lands) organized under a federal parliamentary republic. Germany was first unified as a nation-state after the Franco-Prussian War in 1871.

Presently, Germany has the highest population of any state in the European Union, totalling 82 million citizens and is the fourth largest economy in the world. It is one of the founding state of the European Union and it is a NATO member state.

German citizens benefit from the world's oldest universal health-care system.

Germany has a temperate seasonal climate. In the west, winters tend to be mild & summers cool. In the east, temperatures can reach higher extremes. Almost 33% of Germany is covered by thick forests.

Listed Institutes in Germany









Browse by Country

The Netherlands (also known as Holland) was the first non-English-speaking country to offer degrees in English. Therefore, various programmes are taught in English and are very internationally oriented.
EU's hidden gem Estonia is becoming a new hot-spot for studies abroad. Estonia`s vibrant and affordable environment together with well-developed technology sector make Estonia an attractive place to study and live. With high-quality higher education, internationally accepted degrees and various scholarships this is a safe target country for international degree.
Finland is situated in northern Europe and neighbours Sweden, Norway and Russia. For an international student Finland is both an exotic and a safe target country. Finnish society is credible: a networked and transparent open civic society, where education is always a top first priority.
Situated in Central Europe, Hungary is one of the most popular touristic destinations in Europe and in the world. If you haven't heard about the famous Balaton lake or the thermal water cave system, you have at least hard of the beauty of its capital Budapest and about the delicious Hungarian cuisine.
From literature to landscape, from innovation to internationalisation, Ireland offers a lot of opportunities in education and research… and the warmest of welcomes from the world’s friendliest nation!
The UN consistently ranks Norway as having the highest standard of living in the world based largely on average levels of education and income, combined with expected length of lifetime.
Studying in Poland will provide a solid education which will thoroughly prepare you for work in the most advanced labour markets of the world, at the same time stimulating your own personal development. You will also have the unique opportunity of meeting outstanding specialists and renowned intellectuals in your chosen field.
Swedish universities are renowned for their investigative research and independent thinking, and this reputation is cemented with nationally certified degrees and rigorous quality control. As a country, Sweden is an open and multicultural society with a long tradition of welcoming international students.
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The moment you will step into a UK university campus, you will feel you have entered a fairy tale. The UK campuses are mesmerizing and the student facilities are outstanding. All the modern and unique features of British universities enable you to engage in ground-breaking research and experience top quality teaching and learning.
Canada has one of the strongest economies in the world, and Canadians enjoy a high standard of living, as well as an internationally renowned university system.
United States
United States
The U.S. is home to some of the most prestigious universities in the world. It has an internationally renowned education system, and offers a huge variety of English-language courses and speciality degrees.
Australia is well known for it's warm climate, great beaches and exceptional higher education system. It has strong influences from both Europe and Asia, and with the worlds second highest development index, it is a fantastic place to study!