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Biology, Geography and Geology, Ph. D.

  • Anytime
    Application Deadline
  • 48 months
University rank #287 (QS) ,
The Doctoral Programme in Biology, Geography and Geology (BGG) is a multidisciplinary doctoral programme that educates specialists with wide knowledge on natural science research.



The education and research at the Department of Biology are wide-ranging and cover all the levels from cell and molecular biology, physiology and genetics to individual species, interaction between species and evolutionary phenomena on population and community level. In addition to humans and animals, the research topics cover plants and microbes and their environment. The ecotoxicology, ecology and conservation genetics research of environmental problems caused by the human impact are a central part of the department’s operations.

Geography and Geology

The interdisciplinary research at the Department of Geography and Geology is focuses on the dynamic processes of the Earth at various scales of space and time. The department hosts various specialized researchers and research groups with study topics ranging from sedimentology and historical environmental changes to innovation environments and urban structures.

Doctoral Programme in Biology, Geography and Geology (BGG) offers high-quality and interdisciplinary doctoral training in natural science research. Traditionally strong areas in BGG are ecology, evolutionary biology, biodiversity, environmental science, physiology, genetics, physical geography, human geography and geology.

Application calls for a right to study are open annually in March and in September. In September call it is also possible to apply a fixed-term funded doctoral candidate position.

Detailed Programme Facts

  • Programme intensity Full-time
    • Full-time duration 48 months
    • Duration description
      4 years
  • Credits
    240 ECTS
  • Languages
    • English
  • Delivery mode
    On Campus

Programme Structure

Courses include
  • Literature examination
  • scientific ethics 
  • Literature review
  • University courses in the major subject
  • University courses in supporting subject

English Language Requirements

You only need to take one of these language tests:

  • Minimum required score:


    The TOEFL iBT ® measures your English-language abilities in an academic setting. The test has four sections (reading, listening, speaking, and writing), each with a score range of 0-30, for a total score range of 0-120. Read more about TOEFL iBT ®.

    Schedule TOEFL®
  • Minimum required score:


    The TOEFL®PBT is administered in a paper format and measures your ability to use and understand English in a classroom setting at the college or university level. It accurately measures how well you can listen, read and write in English while performing academic tasks. Read more about TOEFL®PBT.

    Schedule TOEFL®

Academic Requirements

General Requirements

In order to be eligible for doctoral studies in BGG, you must have an appropriate university degree (typically MSc). Eligibility criteria and the responsibilities of postgraduate students can be found from the instructions concerning doctoral training given by the Faculty of Science and Engineering.

Tuition Fee

  • International

    Tuition Fee
    Based on the original amount of 0 EUR per year and a duration of 48 months.
  • National

    Tuition Fee
    Based on the original amount of 0 EUR per year and a duration of 48 months.
We've labeled the tuition fee that applies to you because we think you are from and prefer over other currencies.

Living costs for Turku

  • 775 - 1130 EUR/month
    Living Costs

The living costs include the total expenses per month, covering accommodation, public transportation, utilities (electricity, internet), books and groceries.


 University of Turku Graduate School (UTUGS) annually allocates funds to providing a salary for a limited number of doctoral candidates in each doctoral programme. Funding may be for up to four years. The call for UTUGS funded positions is open once a year in September.

Studyportals Tip: Students can search online for independent or external scholarships that can help fund their studies. Check the scholarships to see whether you are eligible to apply. Many scholarships are either merit-based or needs-based.

The Global Study Awards: get funded with up to £10,000 to study abroad

Together with the ISIC Association and British Council IELTS, Studyportals offers you the chance to receive up to £10000 to expand your horizon and study abroad. We want to ultimately encourage you to study abroad in order to experience and explore new countries, cultures and languages.


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