The initial nucleus of Shiraz University was formed in 1946 with the establishment of the junior college of Health which aimed at training specialists in the Medical Sciences during a four year program.
Shiraz University has pioneered the establishment of doctoral programs in Iran. Presently the university has over 19,000 students, with 200 Bachelor's degree programs (B.A., B.Sc.), 300 Master's degree programs (M.A., M.Sc.), one professional degree program (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), and 150 Ph.D. programs.