PI3K-Akt expression in dysplastic oral lesions and implications for recurrence and malignant transformation, Ph.D. | University of Dundee | Dundee, United Kingdom
36 months
Duration
25410 GBP/year
4825 GBP/year
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About

The aim of PI3K-Akt expression in dysplastic oral lesions and implications for recurrence and malignant transformation at University of Dundee is to determine whether there is an association between the expression on PI3K-Akt in oral dysplastic lesions with recurrence, field cancerisation and malignant transformation. 

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Overview

Context of  PI3K-Akt expression in dysplastic oral lesions and implications for recurrence and malignant transformation at University of Dundee  

Also determine the efficacy of potential biomarkers such as cell cycle molecules, angiogenic markers and S100 protein expression.

In 2010 the National Screening Committee review (NSC) stated that there is “good evidence that tobacco in all forms (both smoked and smokeless, including snuff) and betel quid are carcinogenic in the upper aerodigestive tract, which includes the mouth. There is also convincing evidence that alcoholic drinks are carcinogenic and act synergistically with tobacco” (Speight & Warnakulasuriya 2010).

Programme Structure

  • The natural history of oral cancer is only partly understood, with reports of “it is clear that oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is preceded by changes in the oral mucosa, but the extent or nature of these changes is uncertain” (Speight & Warnakulasuriya 2010). 
  • However, it was also noted that “only about 5% of these lesions will progress to malignancy and although some clinical features are associated with higher risk (e.g. non-homogenous, speckled or red lesions) there are still no reliable ways to predict which individuals or lesions will develop OSCC” (Speight & Warnakulasuriya 2010). 
  • The difficulty in interpreting some of the published work on malignant progression is that many studies do not actually investigate biopsy proven dysplasias but leucoplakias and therefore these may not actually be potentially malignant. 

Key information

Duration

  • Full-time
    • 36 months

Start dates & application deadlines

Language

English
TOEFL admission requirements TOEFL® IBT
87

Delivered

On Campus

Academic requirements

GPA admission requirements GPA
Upper Second Class

English requirements

TOEFL admission requirements TOEFL® IBT
87

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Other requirements

General requirements

  • You should have an honours degree at 2.1 or above, and/or a Masters degree in a relevant discipline.

Tuition Fee

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  • International

    25410 GBP/year
    Tuition Fee
    Based on the tuition of 25410 GBP per year during 36 months.
  • National

    4825 GBP/year
    Tuition Fee
    Based on the tuition of 4825 GBP per year during 36 months.

Living costs for Dundee

787 - 1494 GBP /month
Living costs

The living costs include the total expenses per month, covering accommodation, public transportation, utilities (electricity, internet), books and groceries.

Funding

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Provided by university
Grant
4000 GBP
Deadline
08 Jan 2025
Vice Chancellor's South Asia scholarship
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University of Dundee
Dundee, United Kingdom
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Grant
20000 GBP
Deadline
16 Sep 2024
Vice Chancellor's South Asia Scholarship (September 2024)
Merit-based Need-based

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University of Dundee
Dundee, United Kingdom
Provided by university
Grant
5000 GBP
Deadline
08 Jan 2025
Vice Chancellor's Africa scholarship (January 2025)
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University of Dundee
Dundee, United Kingdom
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Grant
6000 GBP
Deadline
08 Jan 2025
Global Excellence Scholarship (January)
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University of Dundee
Dundee, United Kingdom
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5000 GBP
Deadline
08 Jan 2025
Global Citizenship Scholarship
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University of Dundee
Dundee, United Kingdom
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3000 GBP
Deadline
10 Jan 2025
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Dundee, United Kingdom
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19000 GBP
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15000 USD
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31 Aug 2024
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Various benefits
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28 Feb 2025
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3500 USD
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15 Nov 2024
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1652 GBP
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UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)
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Grant
1000 USD
Deadline
30 Nov 2024
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Various benefits
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14 Oct 2024
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U.S. government
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Various benefits
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31 Dec 2024
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Leopold Figl Foundation
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Various benefits
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OeAD, Austria's Agency for Education and Internationalisation
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Grant
5000 USD
Deadline
25 Aug 2024
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educations.com
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90000 AUD
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World Universities Ramsay Postgraduate Scholarship
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The Ramsay Centre
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Grant
3000 USD
Deadline
31 Dec 2025
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Anonymous Hope Fund
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Independent provider
Grant
12000 USD
Deadline
30 Nov 2024
Tobacco Harm Reduction Scholarship Programme
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The Tobacco Harm Reduction Scholarship Programme
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Grant
3000 USD
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists Foundation
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Grant
1000 USD
Deadline
31 Oct 2024
$1,500 Annual Video Contest Scholarship
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PI3K-Akt expression in dysplastic oral lesions and implications for recurrence and malignant transformation
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