Placeholder image for International Comparative Education (ICE)

International Comparative Education (ICE), Ph.D.

  • Application Deadline
  • 60 months
University rank #2 (QS) Stanford, CA, United States
The doctoral specialization in ICE is designed to relate a firm grounding in the theories and methods of a basic social or behavioral science to the analysis of education's role in the processes of economic growth, political development, and social change.
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  • The training of ICE doctoral students is geared toward achieving substantial research competence in areas where a social science discipline and the policy problems of development education intersect. Doctoral students are therefore expected to have, or to acquire while at Stanford, substantial graduate training in a social science discipline relevant to their fields of interest at a level equivalent to the master's degree or a PhD minor in the appropriate university department.
  • Graduates of the PhD program in ICE typically choose research-oriented careers either within their countries' universities or with government agencies. Their expertise is sought from time to time by international and philanthropic organizations.

Detailed Programme Facts

  • Programme intensity Full-time
    • Full-time duration 60 months
  • Languages
    • English
  • Delivery mode
    On Campus

Programme Structure

Courses include:
  • Organizational Theory 
  • Seminar on Social Change Processes and Organizations 
  • Traditions of Microsociology 
  • Institutional Analysis of Organizations 
  • Social and Political Processes in Organizations
  • Seminar in Work, Technology and Organizations 
  • Groups and Teams in Organizations 
  • Social Norms 

English Language Requirements

This programme may require students to demonstrate proficiency in English.

Academic Requirements

  • This programme accepts GRE® scores. However, it does not provide a recommended score range.

    The GRE® General Test is a widely administered admissions test that measures the skills needed in today's graduate and business school programs worldwide. The GRE® General Test contains three sections - Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. Three scores are reported: a Verbal Reasoning score on a 130 - 170 score scale in one-point increments, a Quantitative Reasoning score on a 130 - 170 score scale in one-point increments, and an Analytical Writing score on a 0 - 6 score scale in half-point increments.

General Requirements

  • While there is no universal foreign language requirement for the ICE doctoral program, students must be/gain proficiency in the language(s) appropriate to their professional and geographical areas of interest. They are also encouraged to seek practical research training in their areas of interest.

Tuition Fee

Living costs for Stanford

  • 1100 - 1600 USD/month
    Living Costs

The living costs include the total expenses per month, covering accommodation, public transportation, utilities (electricity, internet), books and groceries.


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